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Standardizing the Nomenclature for Clonal Lineages of the Sudden Oak Death Pathogen, Phytophthora ramorum

TitleStandardizing the Nomenclature for Clonal Lineages of the Sudden Oak Death Pathogen, Phytophthora ramorum
Publication TypeJournal Article
2009
AuthorsGrünwald, NJ, Goss, EM, Ivors, K, Garbelotto, M, Martin, FN, Prospero, S, Hansen, E, Bonants, PJM, Hamelin, RC, Chastagner, G, Werres, S, Rizzo, DM, Abad, G, Beales, P, Bilodeau, GJ, Blomquist, CL, Brasier, C, Briere, SC, Chandelier, A, Davidson, JM, Denman, S, Elliott, M, Frankel, SJ, Goheen, EM, de Gruyter, H, Heungens, K, James, D, Kanaskie, A, McWilliams, MG, in 't Veld, WM, Moralejo, E, Osterbauer, NK, Palm, ME, Parke, JL, Sierra, AMP, Shamoun, SF, Shishkoff, N, Tooley, PW, Vettraino, AM, Webber, J, Widmer, TL
JournalPhytopathology
Volume99
Pagination792-795
Date PublishedJul
0031-949X
ISI:000266968400001
california, central mexico, DNA polymorphisms, european populations, exotic pathogen, forensics, genotypic diversity, in-vitro, infestans, molecular ecology, north-american, phylogeography, population genetics, toluca valley, united-states

Phytophthora ramorum, the causal agent of sudden oak death and ramorum blight, is known to exist as three distinct clonal lineages which can only be distinguished by performing molecular marker-based analyses. However, in the recent literature there exists no consensus on naming of these lineages. Here we propose a system for naming clonal lineages of P. ramorum based on a consensus established by the P. ramorum research community. Clonal lineages are named with a two letter identifier for the continent on which they were first found (e. g., NA = North America; EU = Europe) followed by a number indicating order of appearance. Clonal lineages known to date are designated NA1 (mating type: A2; distribution: North America; environment: forest and nurseries), NA2 (A2; North America; nurseries), and EU1 (predominantly A1, rarely A2; Europe and North America; nurseries and gardens). It is expected that novel lineages or new variants within the existing three clonal lineages could in time emerge.

Citation Key139