|Title||Screening techniques and sources of resistance to root diseases in cool season food legumes|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Infantino, A, Kharrat, M, Riccioni, L, Coyne, CJ, McPhee, KE, Grünwald, NJ|
|amplified polymorphic DNA, aphanomyces-euteiches drechs, f-sp ciceris, genetic variability, green dry pea, kabuli chickpea germplasm, oxysporum f.sp ciceris, pisum core collection, polymerase-chain-reaction, quantitative trait loci, real-time pcr, resistant varieties, soil-borne fungi|
Soil-borne fungal diseases are among the most important factors, limiting the yield of grain legumes in many countries worldwide. Root rot, caused by Aphanomyces euteiches, Rhizoctonia solani, Fusarium solani and wilt, caused by several formae speciales of Fusarium oxysporum are the most destructive soil-borne diseases of pea, chickpea, lentil, fababean and lupin. The most effective control of these diseases is achieved through the use of resistant varieties. In this paper, recent advances in conventional and innovative screening methods for disease resistance are presented. Many grain legume accessions, which are maintained in national and international germplasm collections, have been evaluated for disease resistance and numerous resistant varieties have been released following incorporation of identified resistance genes from these sources. Recent identification of molecular markers tightly linked to resistance genes has greatly enhanced breeding programs by making marker assisted selection (MAS) possible and allowing the development of varieties with multiple disease resistance. Progress in the understanding of the biology of soil-borne fungal pathogens of grain legumes is also reviewed with particular reference to the genetic structure of their populations, diagnosis and host-pathogen interaction.