|Title||Potato cultivars from the Mexican National Program: Sources and durability of resistance against late blight|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Grünwald, NJ, Hinojosa, MAC, Covarrubias, OR, Pena, AR, Niederhauser, JS, Fry, WE|
|breeding, disease resistance, field-resistance, general resistance, germ plasm, host-resistance, intraracial variation, mont debary, nevado-de-toluca, phytophthora infestans, phytophthora-infestans populations, polygenic resistance, s. tuberosum, western slopes|
The Mexican National Potato Program has produced several cultivars with high levels of field resistance. We evaluated the durability of resistance to potato late blight of a selection of 12 such cultivars using data from 1960 to the present. Data were extracted from the field notebooks located in the archives of the Mexican National Potato Program in the John S. Niederhauser Library in Toluca, Mexico. There was a trend indicating that field resistances to potato late blight of Mexican cultivars released between 1965 to 1999 were durable. At least two of the cultivars, namely 'Sangema' and 'Tollocan', have been gown on at least 4 to 5% of the potato acreage and over long periods of time without decay in levels of field resistance. Pedigrees of the 12 cultivars indicate that most of the field resistance was introgressed from Solanum demissum. Field resistance might also be derived from commonly grown land-race cultivars such as 'Amarilla de Puebla' and 'Leona'. These have been grown in Mexico since about the 1780s. They have the appearance of S. andigena-derived material but their genetic background is unknown.