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Formation, production and viability of oospores of Phytophthora infestans from potato and Solanum demissum in the Toluca Valley, central Mexico

TitleFormation, production and viability of oospores of Phytophthora infestans from potato and Solanum demissum in the Toluca Valley, central Mexico
Publication TypeJournal Article
2001
AuthorsFlier, WG, Grünwald, NJ, Fry, WE, Turkensteen, LJ
JournalMycological Research
Volume105
Pagination998-1006
Date PublishedAug
0953-7562
ISI:000171028900019
genetics, inheritance, populations, resistance, segregation, sympatric speciation, virulence

Aspects of the ecology of oospores of Phytophthora infestans were studied in the highlands of central Mexico. From an investigation of a random sample of strains, it was found that isolates differed in their average capability to form oospores when engaged in compatible pairings. Most crosses produced large numbers of oospores but a few yielded none and some yielded only a few oospores. The results reveal that oospore production and fecundity is dependent on both isolates and the combining ability of a specific combination of parental strains. On average, 14% of the oospores produced were viable as determined by the plasmolysis method. Viability ranged from a low 1% in one cross to a high of 29% in another cross. Oospores were found in 10-20% of naturally infected Solanum demissum leaves from two different collections, and leaflets with two lesions per leaflet produced more oospores than did leaflets with 3-5 lesions per leaflet. There was no consistent trend for preferential mating between isolates from the same location or host.

Citation Key195